What is Marburg Virus?
Marburg virus is a highly infectious & deadly virus that causes Marburg virus disease (MVD) in humans & non-human primates.
The virus is a member of the Filoviridae family, which also includes the Ebola virus.
Transmission: The Marburg virus is transmitted through contact with bodily fluids, such as blood, saliva, vomit, urine, & feces of infected people or animals.
The virus can also be transmitted through contaminated objects, such as needles or syringes that have been used individuals.
Symptoms: Symptoms of Marburg virus disease usually start with a sudden onset of fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, & fatigue.
This is often followed by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, & abdominal pain. Some patients may develop a rash, chest pain, sore throat, difficulty breathing, & bleeding from the eyes, ears, nose, & mouth.
The disease progresses rapidly, with some patients developing severe hemorrhagic fever & shock, leading to death within 7 to 10 days.
Treatment: There is no specific treatment or vaccine for Marburg virus disease, & supportive care is the main treatment approach.
This involves administering fluids, electrolytes, & medications to manage symptoms such as fever, pain, & vomiting.
Blood transfusions may be given to replace lost blood & improve blood clotting.
Prevention: Preventing the spread of the Marburg virus involves avoiding contact with infected people & animals, practicing good hand hygiene, & using personal protective equipment, such as gloves, masks, & gowns when caring for infected individuals.
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