What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that affects the prostate gland, which is a walnut-sized gland located just below the bladder in men. 

Exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown, it is believed caused by combination genetic, environmental,lifestyle factors. 

Men over the age of 50, African American men, & men with a family history of prostate cancer are at an increased risk of developing the disease. 

However, in the early stages of prostate cancer, there may be no symptoms at all. This is why routine screening. 

Such as a digital rectal exam (DRE) & a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test, is important for detecting the disease. 

Treatment options for prostate cancer depend on the stage & severity of the cancer, as well as the overall health of the patient. 

Treatment options can include watchful waiting or active surveillance, which involves monitoring cancer to see if it grows or spreads. 

Surgery to remove the prostate gland (prostatectomy). 

Hormone therapy can slow down the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells.

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